HEALTH RESEARCH

Coronary Artery Disease Assessment

By Lambert, JG, MD 
 | 
March 16, 2019

Coronary Artery Disease Risk Assessment

Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle (coronary arteries) become hardened and narrowed. The arteries harden and narrow because of a buildup of plaque on the inner walls. Plaque is made up of cholesterol and fatty deposits. This is called atherosclerosis. Narrowing of the coronary arteries can limit blood flow to the heart. This means less oxygen gets to the heart. Less oxygen can lead to angina, heart failure, irregular heart rhythm, and heart attack.

CAD is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the U.S. in both men and women. Other names for CAD are coronary heart disease (CHD), heart disease, and ischemic heart disease.

First, select your gender. Then answer the questions to help learn your risk for CAD.

This assessment is not intended to replace the evaluation of a healthcare professional.

Updated:  

March 16, 2019

Sources:  

2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults. Stone NJ. Circulation. 2013, pp. s1-s84., 2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk. Eckel RH. 2013, pp. s1-s45., Improving Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment in Asymptomatic People. Greenland P. Circulation. 2001;104:1863-7.

Reviewed By:  

Steven Kang MD,Lu Cunningham,Lu Cunningham