Discharge Instructions: Taking Diuretics
Your doctor prescribed a type of medicine called a diuretic for you. Diuretics help reduce the amount of water in the body. They make you urinate more frequently, flushing water and salts from your body. Diuretics are a treatment for high blood pressure (hypertension) and other conditions.
The name of your diuretic is ___________________________________________________________
Follow the fact sheet that came with your medicine. It tells you when and how to take your medicine. Ask for a sheet if you didn’t get one.
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal remedies or over-the-counter drugs.
Plan your activities in advance until you know how this drug affects you.
Take your diuretic in the morning. This drug makes you urinate more. If you take it in the morning, you may not need to use the bathroom during the night. That way, the medicine won’t interfere with a good night’s sleep.
Take your medicine exactly as directed, even if you feel fine.
Learn to take your own pulse. Keep a record of your results. Ask your doctor which readings mean that you need medical attention.
Possible side effects
Tell your doctor if you have any of these side effects. Don’t stop taking the medicine until your doctor tells you to. Mild side effects include the following:
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Loss of appetite
Increased sensitivity to light
Stomach cramps with mild pain
When to seek medical advice
Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:
Blood in your urine or stool or black, tarry stool
Cough or hoarseness
Fever or chills
Lower back or side pain, or muscle cramps or pain
Trouble urinating or pain when you urinate
Pinpoint red spots on skin
Ringing or buzzing in your ears or any hearing loss
Skin rash or hives
Severe stomach pain with nausea and vomiting
Unusual bleeding or bruising
Yellow vision or yellowing of your eyes or skin (jaundice)
Irregular heartbeat or weak pulse
August 15, 2018
Mechanism of Action of Diruetics, Up To Date, Use of Diuretics in Patients with Heart Failure, Up To Date
Fetterman, Anne, RN, BSN,Gandelman, Glenn, MD, MPH