Discharge Instructions for Aortic Valve Stenosis
You have been diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis. This means the aortic valve in your heart is stiff or remains in a near-closed position and has trouble opening. Because of this, your heart has to work harder to push the blood through the valve. In some cases, this extra work makes the muscle of the heart thicken. The extra work can tire the heart and cause its muscle to weaken over time. This condition often changes very slowly and doesn't need to be treated. But in some people, it may get worse faster and need to be treated. Some people can control their stenosis with medicines. In some severe cases, surgery is needed.
Check with your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medicines, herbal products, or vitamins.
Take your medicines exactly as directed. Don’t skip doses.
Keep all follow-up appointments. Some people with aortic stenosis don’t have symptoms. Others need close follow-up and surgery.
Maintain a healthy weight. Get help to lose any extra pounds.
Ask your doctor if an exercise program is right for you. Some people with aortic stenosis need to be very careful about exercise as it can result in fainting.
Break the smoking habit. Enroll in a stop-smoking program to improve your chances of success.
Make a follow-up appointment with your healthcare provider, or as directed.
Call 911 if you have any of the following:
Chest pain or shortness of breath
Weakness in the muscles of your face, arms, or legs
Rapid pulse or pounding heartbeat
Fainting or dizziness
August 15, 2018
2014 Guideline for the Management of Patients with Valvular Heart Disease, J Am Coll Cardiol (2014)63;22;2438-2488, ACC/AHA 2008 Guideline Update on Valvular Heart Disease: Focused Update on Infective Endocarditis. Nishimura RA. Circulation. 2008;118(8):887-996., Clinica manifestations and diagnosis of aortic stenosis in adults, Up To Date
Fetterman, Anne, RN, BSN,Gandelman, Glenn, MD, MPH,Image reviewed by StayWell art team.