Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Breast
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast is an imaging test that uses strong magnets and radio waves to form pictures of the inside of the breast. It also creates images of the tissues that surround the breast. Breast MRI is used to check for problems, such as a leaking breast implant or a suspicious lump or mass. It can also be used to help determine if breast cancer is present and aid in diagnosis and management. Most MRI tests take 30 to 60 minutes. Depending on the type of MRI you are having, the test may take longer. Give yourself extra time to check in.
Before your test
Follow any directions you are given for taking medicines and for not eating or drinking before the test.
Follow your normal daily routine unless your provider tells you otherwise.
You’ll be asked to remove your watch, hearing aids, credit cards, pens, eyeglasses, and other metal objects.
You may be asked to remove your makeup. Makeup may contain some metal.
MRI uses strong magnets. Metal is affected by magnets and can distort the image. The magnet used in MRI can cause metal objects in your body to move. If you have a metal implant, you may not be able to have an MRI unless the implant is certified as MRI safe. People with these implants should not have an MRI:
Ear (cochlear) implants
Certain clips used for brain aneurysms
Certain metal coils put in blood vessels
The radiologist or technologist may ask you if you:
Have had stereotactic breast biopsy
Have a pacemaker or implanted cardiac defibrillator
Have an artificial body part (prosthesis)
Have metal rods, screws, plates, or splinters in your body
Wear a medicated adhesive patch
Have tattoos or body piercings. Some tattoo inks contain metal.
Have implanted nerve stimulators or drug-infusion ports
Work with metal
Have a bullet or other metal in your body
Tell the radiologist or technologist if you:
Are allergic to any medicines
Are pregnant or think you may be pregnant
Are afraid of small, enclosed spaces (claustrophobic)
Have any serious health problems (If you have kidney disease or a liver transplant you may not be able to have the contrast material used for MRI)
Have had previous surgeries
During your test
You may be asked to wear a hospital gown.
You may be given earplugs to wear if you desire.
You may be injected with contrast through an intravenous (IV) line in your hand or arm. This is a special dye that makes the MRI image sharp that may be needed depending on the reason for your exam.
You’ll lie on a platform that slides into a tube-like machine called a scanner. You’ll be on your stomach with your breasts placed through openings in the platform.
Remain as still as you can while the camera takes the pictures. This will ensure the best images.
After your test
You can get back to normal activities right away.
If you were given contrast, it will pass naturally through your body within a day.
Drink lots of water so that the dye passes quickly out of your body.
Getting your results
Your healthcare provider will discuss the test results with you during a follow-up appointment or over the phone.
June 26, 2018
MRI of the Breast and Emerging Technologies. UpToDate., Principals of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Up To Date
Grossman, Neil, MD,Image reviewed by StayWell medical illustration team.,Sather, Rita, RN