An epididymectomy is a surgery to remove the epididymis. An epididymis is a tube that holds sperm. You have two of these tubes, one in the back of each testicle.
How to say it
Why epididymectomy is done
You may need this procedure for a number of reasons. These include:
An injury to the groin area
An infection or pus-filled lump (abscess) in the epididymis that is hard to treat
A tumor or large fluid-filled sac (cyst) in the epididymis
Long-term (chronic) pain, such as after a vasectomy
How epididymectomy is done
This procedure is often done on an outpatient basis. That means you can go home afterward. During the procedure:
You are given medicine to make you drowsy or fall asleep. You won’t feel pain.
The surgeon makes a cut into your scrotum. He or she finds the epididymis.
The surgeon removes part or all of the epididymis.
The surgeon closes up the wound with stitches (sutures).
Risks of epididymectomy
Being unable to have children (infertility)
Damage to a testicle or blood supply to the testicle
March 21, 2017
Celigoj FA, et al. Surgery of the Scrotum and Seminal Vesicles. In: Wein AJ, et al, editors. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11 ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016. p. 946-66., Fenig D, et al. Complications of Surgery of the Testicale, VAS, Epididymis, and Scrotum. Complications of Urologic Surgery: Prevention and Management. 4 ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2010. p. 627-39., Hellstrom WJG. Epididymectomy. In: Smith JA, editor. Hinman's Atlas of Urologic Surgery. 3 ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2012. p. 325-6.
Greenstein, Marc A, DO, FACOS,Image reviewed by StayWell medical illustration team.,Ziegler, Olivia, MS, PA