For Teens: Understanding Syphilis
Syphilis spreads through any kind of sexual contact, vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex. This STD has 3 stages, and gets worse with each stage. Syphilis can be cured. But early treatment is important. Left alone, it can cause lasting damage, like blindness. Syphilis can even cause death.
What to look for
First-stage symptoms usually show up within a few weeks of catching syphilis. It may take months for second-stage symptoms to appear.
During the first stage you may have:
A painless sore in or on the mouth, genitals, or anus. The sore often goes away on its own within a few weeks. Even if it goes away by itself, you will still require treatment for syphilis and you can still transmit the infection to others.
During the second stage you may have:
A body rash that includes the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
Flu-like symptoms, including fever, sore throat, and headache.
Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics. In later stages, treatment may also be needed for damage that syphilis causes in the body. Make sure your partner gets checked. And don’t have sex until your doctor says it’s OK.
If you don’t get treated
Syphilis can stay in the body for years. During the third stage, syphilis can make you very sick and cause:
Damage to the brain, nerves, and heart. Some damage can’t be reversed, even with treatment.
Talk to your partner about STDs. Don’t be afraid to ask if they have an STD, or if they’ve been tested. Think about getting tested if either of you isn’t sure.
April 03, 2018
Sexually transmitted infections: Overview of issue specific to adolescents, Up To Date, Syphillis: Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical manifestations in HIV-uninfected patients, Up To Date
Adler, Liora, C., MD,Fetterman, Anne, RN, BSN,Image reviewed by StayWell art team.