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Sulfamethoxazole; Trimethoprim, SMX-TMP injection
What is this medicine?
SULFAMETHOXAZOLE; TRIMETHOPRIM or SMX-TMP (suhl fuh meth OK suh zohl; trye METH oh prim) is a combination of a sulfonamide antibiotic and a second antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.
How should I use this medicine?
This medicine is for infusion into a vein. It is usually given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting.
In rare cases, you might get this medicine at home. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
It is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or health care provider to get one.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 months for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions (skin rash, itching or hives; swelling of the face, lips, or tongue)
bloody or watery diarrhea
heartbeat rhythm changes (trouble breathing; chest pain; dizziness; fast, irregular heartbeat; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls,)
high potassium levels (chest pain; fast, irregular heartbeat; muscle weakness)
kidney injury (trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine)
liver injury (dark yellow or brown urine; general ill feeling or flu-like symptoms; loss of appetite, right upper belly pain; unusually weak or tired, yellowing of the eyes or skin)
low blood pressure (dizziness; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls; unusually weak or tired)
low blood sugar (feeling anxious; confusion; dizziness; increased hunger; unusually weak or tired; increased sweating; shakiness; cold, clammy skin; irritable; headache; blurred vision; fast heartbeat; loss of consciousness)
low red blood cell counts (trouble breathing; feeling faint; lightheaded, falls; unusually weak or tired)
rash, fever, and swollen lymph nodes
redness, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth
unusual bruising or bleeding
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
lack or loss of appetite
What may interact with this medicine?
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
birth control pills
certain medicines for blood pressure, heart disease
certain medicines for depression, like amitriptyline
certain medicines for diabetes, like glipizide or glyburide
certain medicines that treat or prevent blood clots like warfarin
What if I miss a dose?
It is important not to miss your dose. Call your doctor or health care provider if you are unable to keep an appointment. If you give yourself this drug at home and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Where should I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children.
This drug is usually given in a hospital or clinic and will not be stored at home.
In rare cases, this medicine may be given at home. If you are using this medicine at home, you will be instructed on how to store it. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date on the label.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
HIV or AIDS
low red blood cell counts
stomach or intestine problems like colitis
an unusual or allergic reaction to sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, sulfa drugs, other drugs, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Tell your health care provider if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.
Do not treat diarrhea with over the counter products. Contact your health care provider if you have diarrhea that lasts more than 2 days or if it is severe and watery.
This drug may cause serious skin reactions. They can happen weeks to months after starting the drug. Contact your health care provider right away if you notice fevers or flu-like symptoms with a rash. The rash may be red or purple and then turn into blisters or peeling of the skin. Or, you might notice a red rash with swelling of the face, lips or lymph nodes in your neck or under your arms.
This drug can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.
Be careful brushing or flossing your teeth or using a toothpick because you may get an infection or bleed more easily. If you have any dental work done, tell your dentist you are receiving this drug.
November 27, 2020