Uveitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the part of the eye called the uvea. The uvea sits just inside your eye’s white outer layer (the sclera). Uveitis can cause pain and sensitivity to light. Often the eye gets red. Vision may get blurry. You may see spots floating in your eye. Uveitis can affect one or both eyes. You must be treated right away to control the inflammation and to keep your eyesight. Your eye doctor will prescribe medicine to ease pain and other symptoms. If a health condition caused your uveitis, you may also need to be treated for that.
Relieving the symptoms
With treatment, symptoms often go away in a few days. To help ease your symptoms, your eye doctor:
Will use eye drops to enlarge (dilate) your pupil. This helps relax your eye and relieve pain. This will make your eyes sensitive to light, so wear sunglasses while taking the dilating drops.
May prescribe eye drops, ointment, or oral medicines. These can help reduce swelling and inflammation. Use these as directed. Ask about any side effects.
May inject medicine around or into your eye.
Treating the underlying cause
If the cause is known, your treatment will depend on the underlying condition. But the cause of uveitis is often not known. In this case, your eye doctor will likely treat you with anti-inflammatory eyedrops, oral medicine, or shots. Uveitis is often linked with inflammatory problems in other parts of the body. These include some kinds of arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. If needed, you may be referred to another provider. He or she can check you for any medical problems related to the uveitis. This provider may also oversee treatment with powerful oral medicines.
March 21, 2017
Uveitis: Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis. UpToDate.
Bogus, William J., OD, FAAO,Haupert, Christopher L., MD,Image reviewed by StayWell medical illustration team.