Dysarthria: Improving Speech
Dysarthria is a speech problem caused by a lack of control over the muscles in the face and mouth. Clearer, smoother speech is the goal of rehabilitation. A speech therapist (an expert trained in speech rehabilitation) will work to help you regain vocal control.
The main goal in therapy is to make your loved one more understandable. Your loved one may be taught to control and strengthen muscles in the face and mouth to improve speech. Such exercises are often done in front of a mirror. Your loved one may also be taught new ways of breaking up words or making sounds. For instance, he or she may participate in activities that help him or her:
Improve pronunciation of sounds through speech exercise.
Focus on one word at a time rather than on entire sentences.
Control and slow down the rate of speech during a conversation.
Control breathing during speech.
Improve and increase the range of movement with muscles in the mouth, tongue, and respiratory systems.
You can help
Speech, like any skill, gets better with practice. Talk to the person as you normally would. Say what you need to say, then wait for an answer. Try these tips:
Practice saying sounds and words with your loved one. The speech therapist may provide word lists.
Remind the person to speak slowly. This gives him or her time to make all the sounds that form each word.
Ask your loved one to repeat words you can't understand. Or, ask him or her to try saying it another way.
Try not to speak for the person unless it is necessary.
Encourage efforts that the person makes to improve speech.
Try reducing background noise.
Have alternative means available, such as pen and paper to communicate.
October 16, 2017
Kacker, Ashutosh, MD,Taylor, Wanda L, RN, Ph.D.