Discharge Instructions for Emphysema
You have been diagnosed with emphysema. This is a lung disease that limits the flow of air in and out of your lungs, making breathing harder. Emphysema is most often caused by heavy, long-time cigarette smoking.
If you smoke, quit.
Join a stop-smoking program. There are even telephone, text message, and Internet programs.
Ask your healthcare provider about medicines or other methods to help you quit.
Ask family members to quit smoking as well.
Don’t allow smoking in your home, in your car, or around you, especially if oxygen is in use.
Protect yourself from infection.
Wash your hands often. Keep your hands away from your face. Most germs are spread from your hands to your mouth.
Ask your provider about a yearly flu shot and pneumonia vaccines.
Avoid crowds, especially in the winter, when more people have colds and flu.
To stay healthy, exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet, and get enough sleep. You should:
Try to exercise at least 30 minutes on most days. Ask your healthcare provider about a pulmonary rehabilitation (rehab) program. Pulmonary rehab helps improve muscle strength, ability to exercise and do daily tasks.
Healthy eating means a lot of fruit and vegetables, 100% whole grain products, lean meats and fish, and low-fat dairy products, like yogurt and cheeses.
Most people need 8 hours of sleep every night.
Take your medicines exactly as directed. Don’t skip doses.
If you use oxygen, make sure you use it correctly. That means the amount your use and the length of time you use it.
Try to stay away from those things that may affect your breathing, such as cold weather, high humidity, smoke, air pollution, dust, and allergens.
Unless your provider has told you otherwise, drink at least 8 glasses of fluid every day to keep mucus thin. Ask about other things that can help.
Ask your healthcare provider to show you pursed-lip breathing to help decrease shortness of breath.
Make all follow-up appointments as directed by our staff.
When to call your healthcare provider
Call your provider right away if you have any of the following:
Shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing, especially if you have trouble catching your breath or talking
Increased mucus; yellow, green, bloody, or smelly mucus
Fever or chills
Tightness in your chest that does not go away with your normal medicines
An irregular heartbeat or a feeling that your heart is beating very fast
Trouble doing your usual activities
March 21, 2017
Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of the Epidemiological Evidence Relating Smoking to COPS, Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema. Forey B. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 2011;11(36):1-61.
Berry, Judith, PhD, APRN,Blaivas, Allen J., DO