Does this test have other names?
Salicylate serum test, serum salicylate level test, serum salicylate concentration test
What is this test?
This is a blood test to check for salicylate intoxication, which is usually caused by an overdose of aspirin. This test is also used to check for the correct aspirin dose in people who are given high doses of aspirin to treat inflammation from arthritis.
Aspirin contains acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). Other salicylates are found in some wart removers, medicines for diarrhea, medicines for bloating, and some Chinese herbal medicines. Methyl salicylate, for example, is found in a Chinese medicine called oil of wintergreen, gaultheria oil, sweet birch oil, betula oil, and teaberry oil.
Aspirin poisoning can happen in children, but it's less common now because the medicine is packaged in child-resistant containers. Also aspirin can cause Reye syndrome in children and teens. Reye syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition, so aspirin should never be given to children.
Aspirin poisoning is still a concern, because some teens and adults take too much aspirin on purpose.
Severe salicylate intoxication can be fatal. Taking too much aspirin, for example, overwhelms your body's usual means of protection against poisoning. Your system may start shutting down. You may go into a coma.
Why do I need this test?
You may need this test if it's possible you have overdosed on aspirin or other products containing salicylates. Signs of an overdose include:
Abnormally deep or rapid breathing
Increased heart rate
Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
Vertigo or dizziness
Too much acid in your bodily fluids
In addition, severe aspirin toxicity can change how your brain functions and how you think. Symptoms include:
Coma, although this is rare
This test is needed to confirm a diagnosis of aspirin intoxication. You may have this test every 2 hours to watch your blood levels. It's likely you will have this test until two tests in a row show that the concentration of aspirin in your blood is lower than the peak measurement.
This test is also used to see how well treatment of the intoxication is working and to find out whether more dramatic treatment measures are needed. For example, results of this test can tell whether you need hemodialysis. This is a procedure that uses a machine to clear your blood of toxins.
What other tests might I have along with this test?
You may have other tests to look at your salicylate toxicity level. These include:
Arterial blood gas, to look for acid-base balance
Electrolytes and glucose tests
Urinalysis, to watch the progress of the poisoning
Plasma creatinine, to find out whether you have kidney failure
Acetaminophen level, because some products contain both salicylate and acetaminophen
Your healthcare provider may also give you a physical exam and take your health and psychiatric history.
What do my test results mean?
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
If your healthcare provider prescribed aspirin for inflammation or arthritis, the typical level of aspirin is between 10 to 30 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood. Any concentration above 40 mg/dL can be toxic.
In adults, taking 10 to 30 grams of aspirin can be fatal. Children may be fatally poisoned by as little as 3 grams of aspirin. Because aspirin usually comes in tablets that contain 81 mg or 325 mg, this would be as few as 9 tablets!
How is this test done?
The test is done with a blood sample. A needle is used to draw blood from a vein in your arm or hand.
Does this test pose any risks?
Having a blood test with a needle carries some risks. These include bleeding, infection, bruising, and feeling lightheaded. When the needle pricks your arm or hand, you may feel a slight sting or pain. Afterward, the site may be sore.
What might affect my test results?
Too many blood fats (lipids) can interfere with test results. But lab workers may remove any extra lipids from your sample through a process called lipemia.
How do I get ready for this test?
You don't need to prepare for this test. Be sure your healthcare provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.
December 02, 2017
Salicylate (aspirin) poisoning in adults. UpToDate., Salicylate poisoning in children and adolescents. UpToDate.
Freeborn, Donna, PhD, CNM, FNP,Haldeman-Englert, Chad, MD