When Your Child Has Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
Your child has been diagnosed with Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) disease. It is a problem with the head of the thighbone (femoral head). The femoral head is the ball-like part of the bone that fits into the hip socket. With LCP disease, the blood supply to the femoral head stops. The reason for this is unknown. As a result, the femoral head becomes weak and a portion of it dies. LCP disease can be serious, but it can be treated. Your child may see an orthopaedist for evaluation and treatment. This is a healthcare provider who diagnoses and treats bone, muscle, and ligament problems.
What causes LCP disease?
It is unknown why blood flow to the femoral head stops. Boys aged 4 to 8 are most likely to develop LCP disease. It may also run in some families.
What are the signs and symptoms of LCP disease?
Signs and symptoms of LCP disease include:
Achy pain in the groin, hip, or knee (knee pain happens when the pain from the hip travels to the knee)
Loss of range of motion (movement) in the hip
Walking with a limp. The limp is usually more noticeable after activity. And it may be painless.
Groin, hip, or knee pain while resting
Muscle shrinks in thigh or buttock
How is LCP disease diagnosed?
The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s health history and examine your child. He or she will check for a limp, stiffness in the hip, and for loss of motion. An X-ray will be done. An MRI and CT scan may also be done. These are tests that take images of the inside of the body. They help the healthcare provider properly diagnose the condition.
How is LCP disease treated?
The healthcare provider will talk with you about the best treatment plan for your child. As instructed, your child should:
Rest from sports and exercise. The healthcare provider will tell you when it is safe for your child to resume activities.
Take anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen, as directed.
Wear a cast or brace to support the leg while it heals. (This treatment is used for very young children.)
Use crutches or a walker, if instructed.
See a physical therapist (PT) for a supervised program of exercises. Your child’s physical therapist or healthcare provider may also ask your child to do strengthening exercises at home.
Some injuries require surgery. Your child’s healthcare provider will talk with you about surgery if it is needed.
What are the long-term concerns?
The amount of damage done to the femoral head also affects the outcome. If able to heal, it often takes 2 to 3 years for the femoral head to repair. In more severe cases, the femoral head dies and collapses, a condition called avascular necrosis. If it collapses and loses its round shape, some loss of range of motion and a limp will result. Arthritis in the hip joint later in life is also a concern with LCP. The healthcare provider can tell you more about your child’s condition.
May 19, 2018
Karimi, MT. A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Surgical and Nonsurgical Treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A Review of the Literature (2012); pp. s1-s7
Bass, Pat F. III, MD, MPH,Joseph, Thomas, N., MD