Hearing Screening for Newborns: Why it Matters
Hearing screenings for newborns is very important. In the U.S., a hearing test is usually done on every infant before he or she leaves the hospital. This is part of the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) program. The goal of the program is to catch hearing problems as early as possible. If a hearing problem is found early, it can be treated or managed sooner. Treatment before 10 months of age helps with language and reading development.
Why is hearing important?
Hearing is important because it can affect how your child develops. Good hearing is vital for:
Speech and language development
Social and emotional development
What to expect from the screening
The hearing test is usually done as the baby sleeps. It is short and painless, and takes only about 10 minutes. You will likely get the results before you leave the hospital. At that time you will be told whether your baby needs another test. Needing another test doesn’t mean that your child has a hearing problem. But it does mean that the first test didn’t give enough information. Your healthcare provider can tell you more. Make sure your baby has all follow-up hearing tests as directed.
If you are ready for discharge and have not been given the test results, be sure to ask for them. Have the results explained to before you go home.
What if my baby has signs of hearing loss?
If the test shows that your baby has signs of hearing loss, don’t panic. Many infants need a follow-up exam. A newborn with normal hearing can fail the first test because of crying or moving, or from something in the ear canal. More tests will be done to find out if your child really has hearing loss. Even if your child has a hearing problem, many of these problems can be treated. Your child’s healthcare provider will work with you to develop a plan to help your baby.
It's very important to follow up on what your doctor recommends. Speech and language begin to develop in the first few months of life. If you know about your baby's hearing loss, you can do many things to help with communication development.
Can my baby pass the test and still have hearing problems?
It’s possible for the test to miss a hearing problem. Some problems may not be caught with this screening. And in some cases, problems show up later. At each well-baby check, your healthcare provider will ask about your child's behavior and his or her response to sound. So the best thing to do is check whether your baby is meeting hearing, speech, and language milestones as he or she grows. Ask your healthcare provider for a list of these milestones. If you have any concerns about your baby's hearing or behavior, write them down and ask your provider.
How can I learn more?
Learn more about hearing screening from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, www.nidcd.nih.gov.
Other online resources you may find helpful include:
American Academy of Audiology, www.audiology.org
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, www.asha.org
March 21, 2017
Screening the Newborn for Hearing Loss. UpToDate.
Fraser, Marianne, MSN, RN,Kacker, Ashutosh, MD