Breastmilk is Best
Breastmilk is the perfect food for your baby. It contains just the right amount of nutrients. It is also gentle on your baby's developing stomach, intestines, and other body systems. It is recommended that you breastfeed until your baby is 6 months old, then breastfeed with solid foods until at least 1 to 2 years old.
Benefits of breastmilk
You may know some of the reasons that breastfeeding is best for your baby. Here are some of those reasons.
Compared with formula, the nutrients in breastmilk are better absorbed and used by your baby. These include sugar (carbohydrate) and protein.
Breastmilk has the nutrients that are best for your baby’s brain growth and nervous system development. Studies of breastfed babies have found that they do better on intelligence tests when they grow older.
A breastfed baby's eyes also work better. This is mostly because of certain types of fat in breastmilk.
Breastmilk has many disease-fighting factors. They help prevent mild to severe infections and hospitalization.
Breastfed babies have far fewer digestive, lung, and ear infections.
Babies born early (premature) who are breastfed are also less likely to get a serious infection of the intestines called NEC (necrotizing enterocolitis).
If your baby gets an infection when breastfeeding, the infection is likely to be less severe.
Preventing other conditions
Breastfeeding helps protects babies from many serious health problems. And it keeps on offering protection as they get older. Breastfed babies have:
A lower risk for SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) than babies who are not breastfed.
A lower risk of getting asthma and skin problems related to allergies. Formula-fed babies are more likely to have milk allergies.
Less diarrhea and a lowered chance of getting some digestive conditions. Formula can actually change healthy bacteria in a baby's intestines. The bacteria help with digestion and fighting disease.
A lower risk of developing leukemia.
Fewers long-term health problems as they grow up. These include diabetes and obesity.
Women who breastfeed also get many health benefits. If you breastfeed, you are more likely to lose the weight you gained during pregnancy. You are also less likely to get breast and ovarian cancer and diabetes later in life.
What is exclusive breastfeeding?
Only breastfeeding for at least the first 6 months of life is best for your baby. This is called "exclusive" breastfeeding. Breastmilk can be expressed and fed to your baby in a bottle, as needed.
You should not give your baby water, sugar water, formula, or solids during his or her first 6 months. The only exception to this is:
When your baby's healthcare provider tells you to
Your baby’s provider may also tell you to give your baby vitamins. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that breastfed babies get extra vitamin D. Your baby's provider will tell you about the type and amount of vitamin D you should give your baby.
Risks of not breastfeeding only
You know about many of the benefits of breastfeeding. But you might not know why it is important to breastfeed only for at least 6 months.
Your baby gets the best protection against health problems when he or she gets only breastmilk. Breastfeeding some of the time is good. But breastfeeding all of the time is best.
Giving your baby formula or other liquids may make you:
Have more problems breastfeeding
Produce less milk
Be less confident in breastfeeding
Breastfeed less often
Stop breastfeeding before your baby is at least 6 months old
Who should not breastfeed only
Breastfeeding only is almost always recommended. But your healthcare provider may have reasons to recommend giving your baby formula or other liquids. They include:
Your baby has certain health problems. Breastmilk only is usually recommended, but you may need to add formula or other liquids. For example, your baby may need this if he or she has low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), or loss of body fluids (dehydration).
You have or have had certain health problems. There are few reasons why you should not breastfeed your baby. Some infections can be passed through your breastmilk. Also, women taking certain medicines or using drugs or alcohol should not breastfeed..
June 15, 2018
Ballard, O., Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors, Pediatric Clinics of North America (2013); 60(1); 49-74., Up To Date. Nutritional composition of Human Milk for Full Term Infants, Wagner, Prevention of Rickets and Vitamin D Deficiency in Infants, children, and Adolescents. Pediatrics 92008); 122(5); pp. 1142-1152
Adler, Liora, C., MD,Freeborn, Donna, PhD, CNM, FNP